Glossary of Terms

Coatings inspection
A coatings inspection process can include any of several activities:
  • Project management of a coating project
  • Drafting of specifications for a coating project, this will include materials selection.
  • Defect analysis of existing coatings applied to various substrates
  • Maintenance surveys
Coating inspector
  • In the context of the NACE Coatings Inspector Program (CIP), a Coatings Inspector is defined as a Quality Control Technician who is primarily responsible for observing and reporting the technical aspects of a coating project and its conformance, or deviation, from the project specification.
Corrosion control
  • A broad definition of corrosion is the deterioration of a substance, usually metal, or its properties because of a reaction with its environment. Wherever a coating protects a substrate from degradation or product from the effects degradation, corrosion control is evident.
Process optimization
  • Process optimization is the discipline of adjusting a process so as to optimize some specified set of parameters without violating some constraint. The most common goals are minimizing cost, maximizing throughput, improving quality and/or efficiency. This is one of the major quantitative tools in industrial decision-making.
  • When optimizing a process, the goal is to maximize one or more of the process specifications, while keeping all others within their constraints.
Paint formulation
  • The technical “make-up” of a coating. It will include the physical, chemical, manufacturing conversion and test parameters for that specific coating to meet a customer’s needs or specification.
  • Japanese for "improvement", or "change for the better" refers to philosophy or practices that focus upon continuous improvement of processes in manufacturing, engineering, and business management.
  • When used in the business sense and applied to the workplace, kaizen refers to activities that continually improve all functions, and involves all employees from the CEOto the assembly line workers. It also applies to processes, such as purchasing and logistics, that cross organizational boundaries into the supply chain. By improving standardized activities and processes, kaizen aims to eliminate waste.
  • Kaizen teams often consist of cross-functional members thereby bringing knowledge and experience from all levels within the organization. They will identify, plan, implement and review activities for a chosen project or area of concern.
Ishikawa diagrams
(also called fishbone diagrams, herringbone diagrams, cause-and-effect diagrams, or Fishikawa) are causal diagrams created by Kaoru Ishikawa (1968) that show the causes of a specific event. Common uses of the Ishikawa diagram are product design and quality defect prevention, to identify potential factors causing an overall effect. Each cause or reason for imperfection is a source of variation. Causes are usually grouped into major categories to identify these sources of variation. The categories typically include:
  • People: Anyone involved with the process
  • Methods: How the process is performed and the specific requirements for doing it, such as policies, procedures, rules, regulations and laws
  • Machines: Any equipment, computers, tools, etc. required to accomplish the job
  • Materials: Raw materials, parts, pens, paper, etc. used to produce the final product
  • Measurements: Data generated from the process that are used to evaluate its quality
  • Environment: The conditions, such as location, time, temperature, and culture in which the process operates
Kepner-Tregoe model
Designed / Formulated in 1957 by Charles H. Kepner and Benjamin B. Tregoe while working on social science research for the RAND Corporation.
Within the framework of Total Quality Management the Deming Cycle of process improvement utilises KT models for Root Cause Analysis and process improvement. The basic techniques utilised are:
  • Problem Analysis: is a rational methodology for identifying, structuring and solving problems.
  • Decision Analysis: is a method of structuring decisions between alternative courses of action (What IS / What IS NOT) and recommending the course of action that best achieves defined goals.
  • Potential Problem Analysis: is a method for identifying problems that may arise during or after the implementation of a chosen solution to another occurrence; and then either preventing or minimizing their impact should they occur.
  • NACE International is the world's leading professional organisation for the corrosion control industry established in 1943.
  • NACE International is involved in every industry and area of corrosion prevention and control, from chemical processing and water systems, to transportation and infrastructure protection. NACE's main focus of activities includes cathodic protection coatings for industry and material selection for specific chemical resistance.
  • International Organization for Standardization
  • International standing setting body composed of representations from various national standards organisations
Prime offers the following services to customers:
  • Coatings inspection and corrosion control.
  • Process optimization using Kaizen analysis and root-cause problem solving techniques.
  • Assistance with achieving ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 accreditation.
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